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Glossary Table

Almond

Badam

Asafoetida

Hing

Barley

Jau

Bengal gram (Flour)

Besan

Bengal gram (Split)

Chana dal

Bengal gram (Whole)

Chana

Black gram (Split)

Urad dal

Buckwheat

Kootu

Cardamom

Elaychi

Cashewnut

Kaju

Chilli

Mirch

Cloves

Lavang

Coconut

Nariyal

Coriander

Dhania

Cumin

Zira

Fennel

Saunf

Fenugreek

Methi

Garlic

Lessan

Gingelly

Til

Ginger

Adrak

Green gram (Split)

Moong dal

Green gram (Whole)

Moong

Groundnut

Moong phalli

Lentil

Masur dal

Linseed

Alsi

Mace

Javithri

Maize

Makkai

Millet

Bajra

Milo

Juar

Mustard

Rai

Nutmeg

Jaiphal

Onion (Small)

Pyaz

Oregano

Ajwain

Pepper

Kali mirch

Pistachio

Pista

Potato

Aloo

Ragi

Mundal

Rice (Parboiled)

Usna chawal

Rice (Raw)

Arwa chawal

Safflower

Kardi

Semolina

Sooji

Soyabean

Bhatmas

Split gram

Tuwar dal

Sunflower

Suriamukhi

Tamarind

Imli

Turmeric

Haldi

Walnut

Akhrot

Wheat

Gehun

Wheat flour

Atta

Wheat flour (Refined)

Maida

Aadu

Peach

Aam

Mango

Aamchur

Dried mango powder

Achar

Pickles

Adrak / Sonth

Ginger

Ajwain

Oregano

Ajwain

Carom Seeds / Thyme

Akhrot

Walnuts

All purpose flour (Maida)

Maida

Almonds

Badam

Aloo

Potato

Amaranth

Chauli, chavleri

Amchoor

Dried Mango Powder

Anaar Dana (Powder)

Pomegranate Seeds (Dried)

Ananas

Pineapple

Anar

Pomegranate

Anardana

Pomegranate seeds

Angoor

Grapes

Angoor

Grapes

Aniseed

Sauf

Apple

Sabe

Arrowroot

Paniphal, Tikora

Asafetida

Hing

Ash gourd

Petha

Asparagus

Musli

Asparagus

Shatwar, sootmooli,halyan

Atta

Whole corn flour (see also maida)

Atta

Wheat Flour

Avocado, butterfruit

Makhanphal

Badam

Almonds

Badam

Almond

Bael, Stone apple, Bengal quince

Bel, siriphal

Baigan/baingan

Aubergine, Egg Plant

Banana

Kela

Bandh gobhi

Cabbage (see also Phool gobhi and gobhi)

Bay leaf, Cinnamon leaf

Tej/Tuj patta

Beaten Rice

Poha

Bell Pepper

Simla Mirch

Bengal gram

Channa dal

Bengal Gram

Chana

Bengal gram leaves

Chaney ki bhaji (Hummus)

Besan

Chick pea flour

Besan

Gram Flour

Bhajee

Vegetable

Bheja

Brain

Bhindi

Okra (Lady's fingers)

Bhutta

Corn Cobs

Bitter gourd

Karela

Black Eyed Beans

Chawli / Lobhia

Black gram

Urad dal

Black Gram Sabut

Urad Dal / Kaali Dal

Bottle gourd

Lauki,doodhi

Bottle Guard,Opo Squash

Doodhi

Broken Wheat

Dalia

Cabbage

Patha gobi

Cardamom

Elaichi

Carrot

Gajar

Cashew nut

Kaju

Cauliflower

Phool gobi

Chakothra

Pomelo

Chana

Chick peas, gram (see also Kabuli chana)

Chana

Bengal Gram

Chana dal

Split chick peas

Chana Dal

Gram Dal

Chatni

 

Chawal

Rice (generic)

Chhilka

Rind (generic)

Chhuara

Dates (Dried)

Chickpeas (brown)

Chana

Chickpeas (green)

Cholia / Hara Chana

Chickpeas (white)

Kabuli Chana

Chikoo

Sapota

Chilli

Mirchi

Chin fruit, litchie

Lichee

Chini/shakkar

Sugar

Chowli/lobia

Black-eyed beans

Cilantro, Coriander leaves

Dhania

Cinnamon

Tuj/Dalchini

Cloves

Lavang

Cluster Beans

Gowaar Phali

Colocasia

Arbi

Common Indian Names

English Names

Coriander Cilantro

Dhania

Coriander seeds, Coriander powder

Dhania

Corn cobs, maize

Bhutta, makka

Corn kernel

Makai

Cowpea

Lobia

Cucumber

Kakdi

Cumin seeds

Shah Jeera/Kala Jeera

Curry leaves

kari Patta

Dahi

Yoghurt

Dahi

Curd

Dal/dhal

Pulses

Dalchini

Cinnamon

Darchini

Cinnamon

Dates

Kajhoor

Dhania

Coriander

Dhania Patta

Coriander Leaves

Dhania Powder

Coriander Powder

Dillweed

Suvabhaji

Doodh

Milk

dried Apricot

Khumani

Drumstick

Seeng

Drumstick leaves

Muranka bhaji

Egg plant, Brinjal

Biangan

Elaichi (Chhoti)

Green Cardamom

Elaichi (Moti)

Brown Cardamom

Elaichi/ilaichi

Cardamom

English Name

Indian / Hindi Name

Fennel

Saunf

Fenugreek seeds

Methi

Figs

Amjeer

French Beans

Flas Beans

Gajar

Carrot

Garam Masala

a blend of cumin, pepper, cloves and cardamom

Gardencress

Halim

Garlic

Lasun

Gehun

Wheat (so gehun ka atta)

Gentleman's Toes, Tindla

tinda

Ghee

Clarified butter (without milk solids)

Ghee

Clarified Butter

Gherkins

Kunthroo, Goli, Tondli

Ghia/lauki

A variety of north Indian gourd

Ginger

Adrak

Gobhi/gobi

Cabbage or cauliflower (see also Bandh gobhi and Phool gobhi)

Gosht

Meat (generic; specific meats are called after the animal)

Gram flour

Besan

Gram Flour

Besan / Chane Ka Atta

Grapes

Angoor

Green chilli

Hari mirch

Green gram

Moong dal

Green Gram

Moong

Green hot chili

Hari Mirchi

Green pepper, Capsicum

bari mirch

Guavas

Amrood

Gulab

Rose

Gulab jal

Rose water

Gur

Jaggery (raw cane sugar)

Gurda

Kidney

Haldi

Turmeric

Hara dhania

Coriander leaves (see also dhania)

Hara piaz

Spring onion (see also piaz/pyaz)

Hari Mirch

Green Chilly

Heeng

Asafoetida

Hing

Asafetida

Horse Gram

Kulthi

Ilaichi/elaichi

Cardamom

Imli

Tamarind

Indian sorrel

Khatti bhaji

Jackfruit

Kathal

Jaggery

Gur

Jaiphal

Nutmeg

Jaiphal/zaiphal

Nutmeg

Jamoon

Jambul fruit java plum

Javitri

Mace

Jeera

Cumin Seed

Kabab

Any of a variety of meatballs made of keema

Kabuli chana

White gram (see also chana)

Kaddu

Pumpkin (see also lauki, ghia)

Kaju

Cashew nuts

Kakari

Cucumber

Kala Jeera / Black Cumin Seeds

Caraway Seeds

Kala Namak

Rock Salt

Kaleja

Liver

Kali mirch

Pepper

Kali Mirch

Black Pepper

Karhai

A hemispherical frying pan, used for deep frying

Kari Patta

Curry Leaves

Kathal

Jackfruit

Keema/kheema

Minced meat (usually mutton)

Kela

Banana

Kesar/kesari/zafran

Saffron (stigma of the crocus flower)

Khajur

Dates

Khas khas/khus khus

Poppy seeds

Kheera

Cucumbers

Kheera

Cucumber

Khesari leaves

Masoor bhaji

Khopra/Nariyal

Coconut

Khoya, Mawa

Dried Whole Milk/Thickened Milk

Kishmish

Currants

Kismis

Raisins (see also munakka)

Kofta

Meatballs or vegetables shaped into a ball before cooking

Kumbhi

Mushroom

Lahsun

Garlic

Lasan / Lahsun

Garlic

Lauki/ghia

A variety of north Indian gourd

Laung

Clove

Lavang/laung

Cloves

Lettuce

Kasmisaag

Lime or Lemon

Nimbu

Lobia/chowli

Black-eyed beans

Lotus Stem

Kamal Kakadior, Bhien

Maida

Flour

Maida

Fine Wheat Flour

Maize Flour

Makai Ka Atta

Makai

Corn

Makhan/Makkhan

Butter

Makhanphal

Avocado, butterfruit

Malai

Cream

Mango

Aam

Masala

Spices (generic)

Mashmelon

Kharbooja

Masoor (dal)

Red lentils

Matar

Peas

Mattha (Chhaach)

Butter Milk

Methi

Fenugreek

Methi

Fenugreek Seeds

Mint leaves

Podina

Mirchi

Chilis

Mooli

Radish

Moong

Mung beans

Moong Fali

Groundnut

Moongphali

Ground nuts

Mulberry

Shehtooth

Munakka

Sultanas or large raisins (also bara kismis; see kismis)

Murg

Chicken

Mushrooms

Goochi

Muskmelon Cantalope

Kharbooja

Mustard seeds

Rai/Sarson

Namak/nimak

Salt

Nariyal/khopra

Coconut

Nimboo ka Sat

Citric Acid

Nimbu

Lemon

Okra, Ladies Finger

Bhindi

Olives

Zetoon / Zaitoon

Onion

Kanda Pyaaz

Orange

Santra

Paav / Pav / Pao

Bun

Palak

Spinach (also sag)

Paneer

Cottage Cheese

Papar

Papadom

Papaya

Papeeta

Papita

Papaya

Patta Gobi

Cabbage

Peanuts, Groundnuts

moongphali

Pear

Nashpati

Peas

Matar

Pepper corns

Kalimirchi

Phitkari

Alum

Phool Gobi

Cauliflower

Piaz/pyaz

Onions

Pineapple

Ananas

Pista

Pistachio

Plum

Aloobukara

Poha, Chiwda

Flaked, Beaten rice

Pomegranate

Anar

Poppy seeds

Khuskhus

Potato

Aloo

Pudina

Mint

Pudina Leaves

Mint Leaves

Puffed Rice

Kurmura

Pumpkin

Kadhu

Raai

Mustard seeds (see also sarson)

Raai / Raee

Mustard Seeds (Small)

Raan

Leg of mutton

Radish

Mooli

Raisin

Kishmish

Raita

Yoghurt with salads, nuts or other garnish, used as an accompaniment to meals

Rajma

Red Kidney beans

Rawa/sooji

Semolina

Red chili pepper

lal Mirchi

Red Kidney Beans

Rajma

Red Lentil

Masoor

Red sorrel

Chukka bhaji

Refined Flour

Maida

Rice

Chawal

Roti

Bread (generic)

Saboodana / Sabudana

Sago

Saffron

Kesar

Sag

Greens (generic, so sarson ka sag etc)

Salad leaves, endives

Gulsuchal

Sarson

Mustard (see also raai)

Sarson

Mustard Seeds (Moti)

Saunf

Fennel

Saunf

Aniseed

Seekh

Skewer (so seekh kabab)

Semolina

Suji

Semolina

Rava / Suji

Sesame seeds

til

Sev

Apple

Shakahari

Vegetarian

Shakarkand

Sweet potatoes

Shakkar/chini

Sugar

Shalgam

Turnip

Shimla Mirch

Capsicum

Shorba

Soup, gravy

Shrimp, Prawn

Jinga

Simla mirch

Capsicum

Singhara

Water chestnuts

Sonth

Dried ginger

Sooji/rawa

Semolina

Spinach

Palak

Split Bengal Gram

Chana Dal

Split Black Gram

Urad Dal / Kaali Dal

Split Green Gram

Moong Dal

Split Red Gram

Tuvar Dal / Arhar Dal

Split Red Lentil

Masoor Dal

Suwa

Dill

Sweet lime

Mosambi

Sweet potato

Shakarkand

Tadka

Seasoning

Tamarind

Imli

Tamatar

Tomato

Tandoor

An oven of baked mud, from north India (so tandoori roti, tandoori murg)

Tapioca

Simla Aloo

Tawa

Griddle

Tej Patta

Bay Leaf

Tel

Oil (generic, so sarson ka tel, moongphali ka tel etc.)

Til

Sesame

Tomato

Tamatar

Toor/toovar

Pigeon-peas

Turmeric

Haldi

Urad Dal

Horse Bean

Vegetables

Sabji

Vermicelli

Seviyan

Walnut

Akroot

Water Chestnuts

Shingara

Watermelon

Tarbooj, Kalingad

Wheat

Gehun

Wheat flour

Atta, Chappathi flour

Wheat Flour

Gehun Ka Atta

Yellow split peas

Thoor dal

Zafran/kesar/kesari

Saffron (stigma of the crocus flower)

Zaiphal/jaiphal

Nutmeg

Zizyphus

Ber, bor